World Health Organization

World Health Organization (WHO)

Chair: Simrit Uppal

JJMUNC Pic SimOn behalf of the Secretariat of JJMUNC 2016, it is my pleasure to welcome you to the third annual John Jay Model United Nations Conference. My name is Simrit Uppal, and I am a rising senior at John Jay High School, as well as the secretary of John Jay’s Model UN club. This is my third year participating in Model UN and I could not be more thrilled to be your chair of WHO, World Health Organization, which is one of the General Assemblies at JJMUNC III. WHO plays on my interest in majoring in Biology on a Pre-Med Track and having a career in a medical field. I am also your USG for Committees this year. My job is to ensure that all of our wonderful committees are running smoothly and efficiently. We have worked endlessly to create some of the best committees for you all to enjoy this upcoming November. Besides my interest in Model UN, I love to play field hockey, watch basketball, read, participate in student government and watch Grey’s Anatomy. I am really looking forward to facilitating great debate and reading outstanding resolutions that will work towards solving the prevalent issues surrounding the world today. I look forward to meeting you all this November at JJMUNC III. If you have any questions at all, don’t hesitate to email me at suppal17@klschools.org.

Vice Chair: Matt Kramer

Hello delegates! My name is Matt Kramer and I am a vice chair of WHO. I’m a junior at John Jay High school and this is my third year participating in MUN. Besides Model UN, I enjoy fly fishing, golfing, chilling with friends and listening to Kendrick Lamar. I hope to major in physics or engineering on college. I look forward to meeting you in November! If you have any questions, feel free to contact me at kramermatt18@gmail.com.


WHO Background Guide


Topic A: Coordinating International Responses to Epidemics of the 21st Century

Communities throughout the globe unite in efforts to exchange goods, ideas, perspectives, as well as other aspects of culture for rapid innovation and the spread of advanced ideas. This has allowed countries to become interconnected and dependent on one another for ideas, products and perspectives. Despite this interconnectedness on a cultural level, there has been an everlasting struggle to coordinate international responses to deadly epidemics of the 21st century. These infectious diseases pose a threat to the welfare of society on both a public health level and a socioeconomic level. For example, when the first Ebola cases broke out in West Africa, it took a significant amount of time to develop a coordinated international response. By the time Ebola was declared a health emergency, there were already 1779 suspected cases and 961 deaths due to Ebola.The World Health Organization (WHO) is the United Nations Agency whose primary role is to direct and coordinate international health within the United Nations’ system.The WHO is extremely effective at combating diseases such as HIV/Aids, Malaria and tuberculosis which are a constant threat, but there has been a struggle to provide appropriate aid in response to sudden outbreaks and epidemics. Emerging diseases have been identified at unusual rates since the 1970’s. These diseases pose a threat to individuals of all ages, genders, ethnicities and socioeconomic statuses. Communities are left vulnerable as scientists and researchers struggle to decisively develop strategies to combat the epidemics. WHO looks to develop a structure to continue surveillance, increase communication, improve research and training strategies, hire trained personnel, and develop better facilities to combat epidemics and look out for the welfare of society. WHO must unite and work together to coordinate an international response to these deadly epidemics that harm millions of people annually while also focusing on developing countries who are suffering, and respecting the sovereignty of nations.

Topic B: Building Health Infrastructures in Developing Countries

A shocking number of 400 million people worldwide do not have access to essential health services. All countries face health issues and health inequality, but developing countries are most prone to bleak healthcare situations. Although many factors add to these health problems and health inequality, almost all health problems in developing areas are traced back to the ineffective or non-existent health infrastructures that these countries have. Public health infrastructures provide the necessary foundation for undertaking the basic responsibilities of public health such as monitoring health status to identify and solve community health problems, diagnose and investigate health problems and health hazards in the community, mobilize community partnerships and action to identify and solve health problems, as well as many more responsibilities. Health infrastructure is the materials, personnel, physical structures, and the connecting system in each respective country. They include health systems, as well. The majority of health issues in developing areas can be solved with known technologies that aren’t present in these areas. Developed countries have the resources, the power and the knowledge to guide these developing countries in the right direction. This issue is of utmost importance to the World Health Organization. The WHO must provide assistance and resources that are needed and also work with developing countries to help them determine ways to develop effective and strong health infrastructures. However, they must do this while respecting the sovereignty and culture of the countries that require their assistance.

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